shot 4, take 7, CLAP!”
On set, you’ve heard this ritual over and over again before the legendary “action!” from the director.
Yes, but… What does it mean exactly?
The film is broken down into small parts, built around a location or character that groups together a set of scenes. These parts are called sequences. A shot is a take of a picture, from the moment the camera is turned on until it stops. Each recording of a shot constitutes a take. It often takes several takes to get the right result.
What is the purpose of the clapperboard?
Presented for a short moment in front of the camera at the beginning of each take, it allows you to identify the shots and number their takes. It is also used to synchronize the sound and image (recorded on separate media) by combining a movement with a sound during editing.
roles in filming
A film shoot is a large-scale event during which various actors intermingle, and their hats are sometimes multiple. Here is a brief overview of the “film professions” that can be found on our sets!
He directs the artistic creation of the film. He determines the way the story is cut. He or she sets the scene and the lighting and also directs the actors. On our project, the director and his assistant are also the main producers, which allows a certain freedom for the production budget.
“My mission is to transcribe the story written by the scriptwriters
into images and sounds, creating an original atmosphere for the film.
I also define how the film is technically realized.”
Michel, project manager and director.
He manages the camera and its accessories, and frames the film’s shots according to the director’s instructions. Depending on the needs, the “image” team can be expanded with a steadicam operator.
Find here Yannick‘s testimony (fr)!
With the boom at the end of which is fixed a microphone, he follows all the movements of the actors (and of the camera), while taking care to remain off camera.
In our small directing team, the continuity of the direction is directly supervised by the director. This role requires constant observation to ensure that the shots, scenes and sequences, rarely shot in chronological order, are in sync.
He interprets a character in the film.
In the background, he has no text to say and blends into the scenery. If his or her role stands out from the crowd, he or she is a silhouette.
Usually assigned to the director, this function also relies (in our case) on a person who knows the script well. With the script in hand, his role is to guide the actors’ performance.
On our shoots, he is responsible for the practical organization and logistics of the shoots (people and equipment) as well as the catering of the troops.
Find here Marisa‘s testimony (fr)!
Dressing, make-up, hair
The costume designer creates the costumes and becomes a dresser on the shoot. The make-up artist is in charge of making the characters credible (beauty, wounds, period hairstyles, beards, etc.).
This is the person who provides photos of the shooting scenes and portraits of the main actors, illustrations that will allow the promotion of the film.
Several people take turns at this task, depending on availability.